Written by Heather Gillies
A few weeks ago, I met Rena Quint, a child survivor of the Holocaust. That morning I had the privilege of hearing her story, and through the Twinning program at Yad Vashem I was able interview her personally. My name is Heather Gillies, and I'm a student from San Diego studying for a semester at the Rothberg International School at Hebrew University. In these few months that I have been living in Jerusalem, I took the opportunity to volunteer at Yad Vashem, and wanted to develop a personal connection with a survivor.
Born in Piotrkow, Poland, not far from
Krakow, Rena lived in the Ghetto with her two brothers and parents. One day all
2,000 Jews were rounded up in the small local synagogue. Foreseeing immediate
danger, a man that Rena called "uncle" told her to run away. She
tells me that she doesn't understand why a young child of maybe 5 or 6 would
let go of her mother and run away, but her life was momentarily spared as she
escaped the synagogue and her entire community was sent to Treblinka. She never
saw her family or any one of those people ever again. Her father, meanwhile,
worked at a glass factory at a work camp. She was brought to him, and in order
to survive Rena's father changed her identity to that of a ten year old boy.
Rena worked by bringing water to the workers, and remembers the Nazis' dogs
that stood by watching, whom were randomly unleashed onto any unsuspecting
worker. A worker who was injured by the dogs was considered useless, and
immediately shot by the Nazis. Although Rena has struggled to piece together
the reality of her past and find truth in her memories, she says that some
things are unforgettable. The vicious demeanor of these dogs, and the smells of
death and disease are some of these things that are ingrained in her memory.
|Heather Gillies and Rena Quint at Yad Vashem|
On one fateful day, Rena and her father were rounded up with many others from the glass factory and sent to Bergen-Belsen. Her father entrusted her care to a school teacher he had met, and handed her pictures of her family. Thinking that Rena was hiding a jewel in her hand, a Nazi soldier took the pictures and ripped them, tossing them into the snow. To this day Rena cannot remember the faces of her family. Her father was sent to Buchenwald and she stayed with her "new mother" in Bergen-Belsen. They slept on the stone cold floor with rats and lice, ate soup made from dirt, snow, and turnips, and witnessed the deaths of thousands of people. She remembers being able to understand when death was coming. One day, new soldiers showed up in the camps. People who could barely walk or speak were now running and shouting, "You're free, you're free!" But Rena explains that she didn't really understand what freedom meant. She was liberated from Bergen-Belsen with Typhus and Diphtheria, and was sent to a DP camp in Sweden where she recovered. Every day a Christian couple came to take care of her and bring her toys and candy. They offered to adopt her one day, but the people around Rena told her that she was Jewish and that she belonged in Palestine. She had no idea what it meant to be Jewish. She was transferred to another DP camp where she met Anna, her next mother. When Anna's own daughter died, Rena took her place as Anna's daughter, and boarded a ship to America.
During her life in the United States, she learned how to be Jewish and what a real childhood was like. No one asked her about the Holocaust. Rena remembers that one day Anna disappeared. She came back in a black car that people around her called a hearse. There was a grave dug for her, and a ceremony, and everyone around her was grieving. Rena didn't understand why everyone was crying over the death of one person. In the camps, so many died and no one cried. Rena was eventually adopted by a family in Brooklyn – her sixth and final mother. She went to school, graduated, and eventually moved to Israel with her husband, and volunteers at Yad Vashem.
|Rena guiding a group at the museum at Yad Vashem|